What is the Ebola virus disease:
Ebola is the deadliest virus of current time. Infection with ebola virus was first found in 1976 near the river EBOLA of Democratic Republic of Congo. So it was named after the geographical site of first appearance. In simple words, Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a disease of human and alike which is caused by ebola virus. It came to human from animal and now the transmission is occurring from human to human. Another name of the Ebola Virus Disease is Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever.
Transmission of Ebola:
Natural reservoir host for ebola virus is yet to be identified. So how did it come to human in the first place is not known. But it is speculated that ebola virus came to human from fruit bat or other primates. It transmits by direct contact and not by air or water. So after transmission into a human host the virus produces symptoms in 2-21 days. A person who recovered from ebola virus disease can no longer transmit infection.
Infection only occurs when a persons broken skin or mucus membrane comes in contact with blood or body fluids of an infected person. There has been no proof found that mosquito or insect bites can transmit virus. The virus spreads among few mammals like human, monkey, bat, apes.
Symptoms of Ebola virus in humans:
Incubation period: 2-21 days.
- Sudden onset of fever
- Sore throat
- Muscle pain
- Impaired kidney function
- Impaired liver function
- Gum bleeding
- Presence of blood in stool
Treatment of Ebola:
No drug or vaccine is yet available. So symptomatic treatment, that is treatment according to the symptom a patient has is the only option.
Facts about Ebola:
- Spread by person to person contact only
- Doesn’t spread by air
- Doesn’t spread by food
- Doesn’t spread by water
- Doesn’t spread by mosquito bite or other insect bite
- Infects a few species of mammals only
As Ebola virus disease has got no curative management, it has become a threat of this time. So target is to prevent it by following some recommendation:
- Wash hands with soap and water or alcohol based sanitizer
- Do not touch infected person’s blood or body fluid
- Do not touch the dead body of infected person
- Do not handle the items that came in contact with infected person
- Do not touch bats or monkeys or their raw meat, body fluid in ebola infected area
- If you have fever after traveling to a ebola affected area then report to a health care provider or public health worker or to the nearest national health department before going out in public
For detailed reading:
- Basic Information on Ebola
- What Obstetrician–Gynecologists Should Know About Ebola
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-Children
- Healthy Children